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PRESENTATIONS

CASHEW APPLE CASH IN THE BIN
Presented at the National Cashew Association of Nigeria Conference, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria on February 29, 2016 by Kehinde Yisa, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

I thank God for this opportunity to present this paper at  this conference today, It is a privilege that is rare to come-by considering the caliber of people and experience in an area so well known to them. I thank God for making cashew, in my perspective, a twin of the palm tree for no other reason than its all round usefulness.

How true can this be? I will not belabour us on the value of cashew nut which is of economic importance at the world market, or the oil of the nut shell being utilized by many industries for production of lubrication oil etc.

The leaves have been found to be medicinal in the treatment of hypotension and bronchitis. It is also useful as natural toothpaste. The bark is known for its use as a contraceptive and  in the treatment of diarrhea, fluid retention, nerve and memory problems.(1)

Uses of cashew apple

The cash in the bin is the apple otherwise known as a false fruit. Many authors have proposed that less than 10% of cashew is being utilized in Nigeria and indeed in other places where cashew is produced.(2) On a personal note, I think it is not an exaggeration to say less than 2% of cashew apple is profitably used in Nigeria, this is worth investigating!

Cashew apple can be eaten raw or used as jam, preserves, chutney, juice, liquor, dietary fibre , in confectionaries, bioethanol fuel and as feed ingredient in livestock industry.

The juice has been known for its medicinal properties in the relief of sore throat and chronic dysentery in Cuba and Brazil. It has diuretic and sudorific properties. The brandy is used as a liniment in the relief of pain of rheumatism and neuralgia.

Its uses in Nigeria

The Punch Newspaper caption of January11, 2015 reads ‘Farmers lament wastage of cashew apple’.  How long shall this be? Farmers may not be able to go into production of the juice, liquor or bioethanol fuel given all the required technicalities and huge cost involvement. What about simply drying cashew apple pulp for livestock feed?

My research

The cost of feed is a major problem in the livestock industry in Nigeria as well as in other parts of the world. Maize contributes significantly to this regarding the quantity required in feed formulation as a major source of energy in poultry feed. My work seeks to find the possible level of inclusion of dried cashew pulp in poultry diet in replacement of maize.

The expected outcome of this is the production of a worldwide feed ingredient which will improve the value of cashew (rescuing some cash from the bin), increased income for the cashew farmers, increased employment opportunities, foreign exchange earnings and reduction in price of poultry products.

Drying cashew apple pulp for use in livestock feed on a commercial scale will be one way to rescue some of the cashew cash from the bin.

The road to achieving the expected outcome is collaboration with all the stakeholders in the cashew value chain. I wish you all a successful deliberation.

Thanks and God bless you.

 

Reference

Morton, J. 1987. Fruits of Warm  Climates.  p 239-240

Oduwole O.O, Akinwale T.O and Olubamiwa O.,(2001).Economic evaluation of a locally fabricated extraction machine for a cottage cashew juice factory. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa

 

CONTACT:

Kehinde Yisa                                                           Phone : +2348132348422, +234705556366

Department of Animal Science                                   E-mail: zakeimjoy@gmail.com                           

University of Ibadan

Ibadan

Nigeria

-Admin   -Sat, 03 Dec 2016  Read (323) times  

 
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